Chad Introduction

Chad is a landlocked country in Central Africa, bordered by Libya, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic and Sudan. A decision of traveling this place is quite confusing as it has several problems like the area of Sudan border is dangerous and traveling there must be prohibited.

Chad is one of several potential sites for the cradle of humankind in Africa — following the discovery of seven-million-year-old human-like skull, now known as the Toumaï (‘Hope of life’) skull. 7000 years ago the region was not as arid as it is today — cave paintings depict elephants, rhinoceroses, giraffes, cattle, and camels. People lived and farmed around the shores of lakes in the north central basin of the Sahara.

Chad comprises some 200 ethnicities, which fall into two distinct, and often hostile, population groupings. In the south, where the bulk of the population is concentrated, live sedentary agricultural peoples, including the Sara, Massa, Ngambaye, and Moundang; most are Christians, but some follow traditional religions. In the north are seminomadic and nomadic Muslim peoples, including Arabs, Tuareg, Hadjerai, Fulbe, and Toubou.

Football is Chad’s most popular sport. The country’s national team is closely followed during international competitions, and Chadian footballers have played for French teams. Basketball and freestyle wrestling are widely practiced, the latter in a form in which the wrestlers don traditional animal hides and cover themselves with dust.

French and Arabic are the official languages, but more than 100 languages and dialects are spoken throughout the country.

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