Algeria Introduction



Algeria is the largest country in Africa and is situated in northwestern Africa, with the northern coastline running along the Mediterranean Sea. Algeria is a member of the Arab League, United Nations, African Union, and OPEC. It is also a founding member of the Arab Maghreb Union.

Facts about Algeria:

  • Official name: Al-Jumhuriya al-Jazairia ash-Shaabiya
  • Head of government: Prime Minister
  • Capital: Algiers (population over 3 million)
  • Population: 28,784,000 (1994)
  • Languages: Arabic (official), and Berber in some areas. Many people speak French, but Arabic has gradually been replacing it in education and public administration.
  • Religion: Islam
  • National holiday: November 1st, Anniversary of the Revolution (1954)
  • Electricity: 220 volts (110 volts in some areas). A continental adapter is necessary.
  • National dialing code: +213
  • Time zone: GMT + 1 hour
  • Business hours: Government offices: 8am-12 noon & 2pm-5.30pm Sat to Wed; 8am-12 noon Thurs. Private businesses generally close between noon and 3pm, but this is not fixed. Banking time is between 9am-3pm Mon. to Thurs. Some banks close for lunch. Ramadan hours are shorter.

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